ArmaLite rifle , any of several lightweight, small-calibre assault rifles designed by the American manufacturer ArmaLite, Inc. The first ArmaLite rifle , the AR, was a 7. It did not survive its trials but did pave the way for highly successful similar designs, notably the AR , the U. Army rifle designated as the M ArmaLite rifle. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.
The ArmaLite AR is a select-fire , air-cooled, gas-operated, magazine-fed rifle manufactured in the United States between and , and adopted by the United States Armed Forces as the M16 rifle. The ArmaLite AR was designed to be a lightweight rifle and to fire a new high-velocity, lightweight, small-caliber cartridge to allow infantrymen to carry more ammunition. In , ArmaLite sold its rights to the AR to Colt due to financial difficulties and limitations in terms of manpower and production capacity. Colt marketed the redesigned rifle to various military services around the world and it was subsequently adopted by the U.
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It was designed by Eugene Stoner in and unlike the AR, it was not intended for domestic use by the US Army; it was instead marketed towards emerging nations with a limited industrial base. The 7. In a marketing ploy, ArmaLite also emphasized that the machine tools used to produce the gun could be re-purposed for agricultural and office purposes. The AR was briefly marketed in the early s but never entered full production due to a lack of sales. There was very little interest in the design, as most NATO member states were in the process of adopting the 5. In order to adapt to the changing market, ArmaLite redesigned the weapon in 5. Ultimately, only a carbine variant was ever made.
ArmaLite , or Armalite , is an American small arms engineering company founded in the mid s in Hollywood, California. It ceased business in the s. The company was revived in by Mark Westrom. The idea of entering the small arms industry caught the interest of then-company president Richard Boutelle at Fairchild Engine and Airplane Corporation , and Armalite was incorporated as a division of Fairchild on October 1, Their first design, the AR1 Parasniper  from , used foam-filled fiberglass furniture and a composite barrel using a steel liner inside an aluminum sleeve. This was little used, but when they were asked to compete in a contest for an aircrew survival rifle their AR-5 and AR-7 designs from saw production use. This was followed by an invitation to compete for the new combat rifle for US forces, which led to the AR